UK soft drink taxes associated with decreased obesity in girls

According to new research by Nina Rogers and colleagues from the University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, published January 26 in PLOS Medicine, the implementation of a two-step soft drink industry tax in the UK in 2018 was associated with 8 rice field. Obesity among 10- to 11-year-old girls decreased by 1% of her age, with the largest declines seen among those living in the poorest neighborhoods. Child obesity rates in England have risen in recent decades, and in 2020 about 10% of children aged 4 to her 5 and 20 of her children aged 10 to 11 % are obese. Increases risk of obesity and other serious diseases. In April 2018, the UK soft drink industry tax (SDIL) came into force, encouraging soft drink manufacturers to reduce sugar in their beverages.

In the new study, researchers used yearly repeated cross-sectional data on more than one million children attending state-run English-language primary schools. Students aged 4-5 and 10-11 were followed from September 2013 until he November 2019. Stripped of their school district. In girls aged 10–11 years, obesity rates decreased in absolute terms by 1.6 percentage points (95% CI 1.1–2.1) in her. This corresponds to an 8% reduction in obesity rates. The greatest reduction was seen in girls in the poorest quintile, with a 2.4 percentage point (95% CI 1.6–3.2) absolute reduction in obesity rates in the poorest quintile for her. Among boys aged 10–11 years, there was no overall change in obesity rates and no clear pattern of deficiency-related changes, but an absolute increase in obesity rates of 1.6% (95% CI 0.7–2.5). Observed. Least deprived quintile (corresponding to a relative increase of 10.1%). No overall association was found between SDIL and obesity levels in younger children.

“Our findings suggest that SDIL in the UK had positive health impacts in the form of reduced levels of obesity in girls aged 10-11,” said the authors. “Additional strategies are needed to reduce obesity rates across primary school children, especially among older boys and young children,” Rogers said. This is the first time we have shown that it is highly likely to help prevent obesity.”

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