New research reveals how women can reduce their risk of hip fractures.
Increasing your protein intake and drinking tea or coffee regularly may help reduce the risk of hip fractures in women, according to new research conducted by food scientists at the University of Leeds.
The study found that an increase of 25g of protein per day was associated with an average 14% reduction in the risk of hip fracture. was found to reduce the risk of hip fracture by 4%.
Write to journal clinical nutritionresearchers noted that underweight women were more protective, with an increase of 25g of protein per day reducing risk by 45%.
Protein comes in all forms: meat, dairy, or eggs. For those on a plant-based diet, from beans, nuts, or legumes. Three to four eggs provide about 25g of protein, similar to a steak or salmon fillet. 100g of tofu provides about 17g of protein.
Just over 3% of the women in the study group experienced hip fractures.
The study – Food, Nutrients, and Hip Fracture Risk: A Prospective Study of Middle-Aged Women – is based on a large observational analysis of over 26,000 women.
As an observational study, researchers were able to identify links between diet and health factors.
James Webster, a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Leeds, who led the study, said:
“Hip fractures can often lead to other chronic diseases, loss of independence and premature death. In the UK, the NHS costs between £2 billion and £3 billion a year.
“Diet is something you can modify to protect yourself by maintaining healthy bones and muscles. One, a hip fracture, has been pinpointed from hospital records.
“The results highlight which aspects of diet are tools that help reduce the risk of hip fractures in women, and the association between higher protein, tea and coffee intake and reduced risk. showing gender.”
Proteins are the basic building blocks of life, necessary for the proper functioning of cells, tissues and muscles, and for contributing to bone health.
The recommended protein intake in the UK is 0.8 g per kilogram of body weight per day, and some nutrition experts consider this limit too low. Higher consumption reduced the risk of hip fractures. These very high protein intake levels could not be examined in this study.
Professor Janet Cade, who led the Nutrition Epidemiology Group at the University of Leeds and oversaw the study, said: tall enough to be healthy. ”
Why Underweight Women’s Risk Is Significantly Reduced
Underweight women are more likely to have low bone density and muscle mass. Increased intake of some foods and nutrients, especially protein, can help establish or restore bone and muscle health, which is why hip fractures are more common in underweight women than in healthy or overweight women. It may help reduce risk. However, researchers say more research is needed to confirm this finding.
Tea and coffee contain biologically active compounds called polyphenols and phytoestrogens, which help maintain bone health.
Professor Cade added: We still need to know how these drinks affect bone health, but it may be by promoting the amount of calcium present in the bones.
Reference: “Food, Nutrients, and Hip Fracture Risk: A Prospective Study in Middle-Aged Women,” James Webster, Darren C. Greenwood, Janet E. Cade, 8 November 2022. clinical nutrition.
The data used in this study are from the UK Women’s Cohort Study, which recruited participants between 1995 and 1998. At the time she entered the study, the woman’s age ranged from she was 35 to she was 69.
Upon hiring, I was asked to complete a questionnaire about diet and lifestyle. This information was then correlated with hospital records over the next 20 years, revealing the number of patients who had hip fractures or hip replacements.
Of the 26,318 women who participated in the study, 822 hip fractures were identified. This is her 3.1%.